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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Attlee map
Map by Homusubi
Leader
Clement Attlee
Capital
London
Religion
Protestantism
Culture
Western (British)

 

 

The United Kingdom led by Clement Attlee is a custom civilisation by Homusubi.

This mod requires Brave New World.

Overview[]

Clement Attlee []

Clement Attlee was the fourth son of Henry Attlee, a prosperous London solicitor, and Ellen Watson. He was educated at Haileybury College, a boarding school in Hertfordshire with a strong imperial tradition, and the University of Oxford. He was called to the bar in 1905 but abandoned law in 1909.

In 1905 he began regular visits to the impoverished East End of London, where he did volunteer work at a settlement house that was supported by Haileybury College. Two years later he took up residence at the house - a move that decisively influenced his whole political future. The harsh poverty he saw in East London undermined his faith in the existing order. Although he did not undergo a sudden political conversion, his views moved steadily to the left, and he became and remained throughout his life a committed ethical socialist. He joined the Fabian Society in 1907 and the Independent Labour Party in 1908. For the next 15 years, apart from his World War I service (he served in Gallipoli, Iraq, and France), he continued to live in the heart of London's slums.

Entering East End politics after the war, Attlee became mayor of the borough of Stepney in 1919 and was elected to Parliament from the constituency of Limehouse in 1922. This parliamentary provenance was crucial to his emergence in 1935 as Labour Party leader and as the first Labour prime minister to command a governing majority.

In the House of Commons his progress was steady but not meteoric. He served as undersecretary of state for war in the first Labour government (1924), led by Ramsay MacDonald. In 1927 he was appointed to the Indian Statutory Commission. Joining the Labour government in 1930, he was successively chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster - a sinecure that left him free to give wide-ranging assistance to the prime minister and other senior ministers - and postmaster general.

Following the formation of MacDonald's "National" coalition government with the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party in 1931, the Labour Party suffered an electoral massacre. Only the 52 most rock-solid working-class constituencies returned Labour members, Limehouse among them. After the election, Attlee repudiated MacDonald and refused, like most Labour ministers, to serve in MacDonald's 1931–35 administration.

After the general election of 1931, Attlee became deputy party leader under George Lansbury. After Lansbury was forced to resign in 1935 because of his strong pacifism, Attlee succeeded to the leadership. A by-election and the subsequent general election returned several figures to the House of Commons - including Arthur Greenwood and Herbert Morrison - who probably would have been preferred to Attlee had they been members of the previous Parliament. They did not, however, succeed in replacing him as leader.

Under Attlee's leadership in the late 1930s, the party adopted a moderate domestic policy and supported resistance to fascism and aggression abroad, though it was reluctant to accept rearmament. Attlee gave his full support to the British declaration of war against Germany in 1939, but he was unwilling to join a coalition government under Conservative Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain. In May 1940 it became impossible for Chamberlain to carry on without Labour support, and Attlee's refusal to provide it was decisive in forcing Chamberlain's replacement by Winston Churchill. Attlee then entered the war cabinet as lord privy seal; by 1942 he had become deputy prime minister and secretary of state for Dominion affairs. In 1943 he became lord president of the council - though he retained the deputy prime ministership - and he served in this capacity until the end of the war. Only he and Churchill served continuously in the war cabinet throughout the life of the coalition government.

In May 1945 Attlee led his party out of the coalition and achieved a stunning parliamentary majority in the subsequent general election, capturing 393 seats in the House of Commons. He became prime minister in July and held the office until October 1951 - longer than any other prime minister since Herbert Asquith (1908–16).

Attlee's government was one of the most significant 20th-century peacetime administrations, both because of the quality of its leading ministers and because of the imprint that it left on British politics. Although several of his principal colleagues - notably Morrison, Ernest Bevin, Stafford Cripps, Aneurin Bevan, and Hugh Gaitskell - were more dominant public personalities than Attlee, until nearly the end of his government he held this somewhat turbulent team together with great success. His firm control over discussions in cabinet meetings reflected his experience in the wartime coalition government. It was said that when Churchill presided over such meetings, they were exhilarating but inconclusive, whereas when Attlee presided (which was often, since Churchill was frequently absent), crisp, clear decisions were quickly made.

Although Attlee's government constantly struggled with a weak balance-of-payments position, which made American loans and Marshall Plan assistance essential in 1945 and 1948, respectively, he continued with a firm program of nationalization, including coal, railways, gas, and electricity. One of the highlights of his administration was its social reforms, including the creation of the National Health Service. Together, these programs shifted the agenda of British politics in a moderate-left direction for a generation. Three successive Conservative governments accepted a broad consensus in favour of a mixed economy, extensive government-funded social services, and the pursuit of full employment; these priorities were not significantly changed until the election of Margaret Thatcher in 1979.

Dawn of Man[]

Attlee scene

Art by Homusubi

"Good tidings to you, Clement Attlee, Prime Minister and chosen leader of the British people. Your small, windswept island has, time after time, proven itself to be something more than it appears; transforming itself from an often-invaded, battered outpost of Europe to the centre of an empire stretching to every corner of the world, vanquishing all pretenders and leading the way in every field of human endeavour, from the sciences to the arts and back again. However, your task now is rather different. Victorious, but devastated, your people no longer cry out for a strong nation, but rather a good one, a fair one; one that takes care of its people instead of leaving them in the dust with every whim.

Such is the task that awaits you, Mr Attlee. Will you, unlike all those before you, create a nation where everyone can live in prosperity and justice? Can you show the world its mistakes, spreading these new ideas to the lands which were once your own? Can you build a civilisation that stands the test of time?"

Introduction 1: "Good day to you, and welcome to this United Kingdom. If you have come to find out how to help the people of your land prosper, you have come to the right place."

Defeat: "Well, well. I always assumed I would bow out through an election, but it was not to be. But mark my words - one day, you too will look at your suffering populace and see the truth."

Unique Attributes[]

United Kingdom (Clement Attlee)
Attlee leader
Human Right and Human Gain

Receive extra Food Food in your cities equal to one third of their non-trade Gold Gold output. Upon adopting a Social Policy or Tenet, receive a burst of Great Reformer points in your Capital Capital.

Attlee uu
Great Reformer (Great Writer)

Creates unique Acts of Parliament as Great Works of Writing, which provide extra CultureIcon Culture and Tourism Tourism, the amount scaled to your civ's Happy Happiness.

Attlee ub
NHS Hospital (Hospital)

Provides global Happy Happiness equal to one-third of the city's excess Food Food output.

City List
  1. London
  2. Edinburgh
  3. Cardiff
  4. Belfast
  5. Birmingham
  6. Glasgow
  7. Liverpool
  8. Manchester
  9. Sheffield
  10. Leeds
  11. Bristol
  12. Nottingham
  13. Hull
  14. Bradford
  15. Newcastle
  16. Leicester
  17. Stoke
  18. Coventry
  19. Portsmouth
  20. Aberdeen
  21. Plymouth
  22. Swansea
  23. Crawley
  24. Basildon
  25. Hemel Hempstead
  26. Stevenage
  27. Harlow
  28. Bracknell
  29. Corby
  30. Welwyn
  31. Hatfield
  32. Newton Aycliffe
  33. Peterlee
  34. Tredegar
Spy List
  • Alan
  • Harold
  • Gordon
  • William
  • Max
  • Mavis
  • Ruth
  • Jean
  • Dorothy
  • Gwen
Great Reformer List
  • Nye Bevan (National Health Service Act '46)
  • William Beveridge (National Insurance Act '46)
  • Herbert Morrison (Representation of the People Act '48)
  • Stafford Cripps (Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act '46)
  • George Tomlinson (Education (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act '48)
  • Hugh Dalton (Town and Country Planning Act '47)
  • Hugh Gaitskell (Coal Industry Nationalisation Act '46)
  • Tom Williams (Agriculture Act '47)
  • Ellen Wilkinson (Family Allowances Act '45)
  • Alfred Barnes (Transport Act '47)
  • William Allen Jowitt (Criminal Justice Act '48)
  • Myra Curtis (Children Act '48)
  • George Isaacs (National Assistance Act '48)
  • Christopher Addison (National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act '49)
  • Hartley Shawcross (Legal Aid and Advice Act '49)
  • Barbara Castle (Equal Pay Act '70)
  • Fenner Brockway (Race Relations Act '65)
  • Jennie Lee (Theatres Act '68)
  • Roy Jenkins (Divorce Reform Act '69)
  • Sydney Silverman (Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act '65)
  • Leo Abse (Sexual Offences Act '67)
  • Tony Benn (Employment Protection Act '75)
  • John Wheatley (Housing (Financial Provisions) Act '24)
Attlee civ

Music[]

Peace Theme War Theme
Link Link
The Red Flag (instrumental, aka Tannenbaum), cover by Colin Davis/London Symphony Orchestra Jerusalem Hymn by William Blake/Hubert Parry, cover by

Lesley Garrett/Philip Ellis et al

Mod Support[]

Unique Cultural Influence[]

(To Attlee) “Our people are demanding milk in their tea and no bill with their healthcare. I worry the rest of the world will also succumb to the influence of your culture.”

(From Attlee) "I see your people are discovering the joys of baked beans and nationalised industry. The amazing works of our civilisation are truly inspiring!"

Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 2
Last Updated: 28 April 2020

 

 
  • Homusubi: original author, XML, art, most Lua, most text
  • TopHatPaladin: invaluable help with Lua for Great Reformer ability
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica: parts of Civilopedia
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