Civilization V Customisation Wiki

The Yaqui led by Cajemé is a custom civilization mod by Zharques, with contributions from RawSasquatch, Arilaqueto, EmeraldRange, DuskJockey, Lastsword, and bernie14.



The Yaqui, Hiaki, or Yoeme, are a Uto-Aztecan-speaking indigenous people of Mexico in the valley of the Río Yaqui in the Mexican state of Sonora and the Southwestern United States. Many Yaqui in Mexico live on reserved land in the state of Sonora. Others formed neighborhoods (colonias or colonies) in various cities. In the city of Hermosillo, colonies such as El Coloso, La Matanza, and Sarmiento are known as Yaqui districts; Yaqui residents there continue the culture and traditions of the Yaqui Nation.


Cajemé, Yaqui for “one who does not stop to drink” was born and baptized José María Bonifacio Leyba Pérez, and, living in the state of Sonora, was a prominent Yaqui military leader. Born in Pesiou, Sonora, at 14, José accompanied his father Fernando, and many other Yaqui people from Sonora, during the 1849 "Gold Rush" to Upper California. José and his father returned to Sonora about two years later. José seems to have learned English at that time, as well as having his first experience in defending himself against armed conflict. His father Fernando evidently did well in the gold fields, as José was enrolled in an exclusive private school, the only school at the time in Guaymas, and one of only 20 schools in the State of Sonora in the 1850s.

Cajemé had his first taste of military battle in 1854, while serving with the "Urbanos," the local militia of Guaymas, which was organized by his teacher, Cayetano Navarro. This occurred when a plot to seize control of Sonora was carried out under the leadership of Count Gaston de Raousset-Boulbon, who had two years earlier tried to seized the city of Hermosillo by force. At 18, José looked for new opportunities in life, and traveled to Tepic, where he worked for a short time as a blacksmith. Later, he was caught up in the draft for soldiers to serve in the regular army, the San Blas Battalion, but deserted after only three months of service. José fled to the mountains near Acaponeta, Nayarit, and worked for a while as a miner. With the Federal army still searching for him, José traveled to Mazatlán and joined a battalion comprising Pimas, Yaquis, and Opatas, that was part of the ranks of Pablo Lagarma, who had declared for constitutional restoration. Not long afterward, José began service in as a trooper in the army of General Ramón Corona. Due to his previous military experience, and the ability to speak three languages, José was appointed aide-de-camp to General Corona. José ended up participating in the War of Reform, and against the forces of the French Intervention of Emperor Maximilian. It was General Corona that accepted the sword of surrender from Emperor Maximilian at Querétaro on 15 May 1867.

Having successfully served in the Mexican military in the war against the French occupation, José's service proved so exemplary that in 1872 he was appointed to the office of "Alcalde Mayor" of the Yaqui by then Sonora Governor Ignacio Pesqueira. Expected by Pesqueira to assist in pacifying the Yaqui people, José instead united the eight Yaqui pueblo into a small, independent republic and unexpectedly announced he would not recognize the Mexican government unless his people were allowed to independently govern themselves. José took on the role of a social reformer. He reorganized the administrative system Yaqui society and life back to a state that had existed when there was far greater autonomy and self-sufficiency for the people. This was based it to a large extent on the earlier Yaqui system. He re-established the popular assemblies, summoning them whenever it was necessary to rely on the entire population. Restructuring and disciplining Yaqui society to provide economic security and military preparedness, José instituted a system of taxation, and external trade control, initially establishing a tax on the ships that traded in the Yaqui River.

Cajemé, as he now was known, waged war against the Mexican government. Their opposition to the Yaqui’s self-government made it inevitable, as they sought to control and confiscate the traditional Yaqui lands. The war was long-lasting due to the skill of the Yaqui in battle under José's leadership, and was particularly brutal, with atrocities on both sides, but with a much larger-scale slaughter by the military forces of the Mexican government of President Porfirio Díaz. One of the many battles during this period was the 'Battle of Capetamaya,' which took place on October 15, 1882. Cajemé, when traveling with his Yaqui soldiers, would often sing in Spanish at the head of his troops. Riding on a horse, he would hook his leg around the pommel of his saddle, and sing a song of bravery and lack of fear of the Mexican army. He would have two men with him, one on each side, and would be followed by perhaps thirty more men on horseback, arranged in groups of ten, spaced some distance apart. Following at the rear of the column would be the infantry, composed of 100 or more troops.

In 1885, one of Cajemé's lieutenants, Loreto Molina, sought to gain control of the Yaqui people. With the support of the Mexican authorities, Molina developed an assassination plot to kill Cajemé at Cajemé's own home, at El Guamuchli, near Pótam. On the evening of 28 January 1885, Molina and twenty-two of his Yaqui supporters set out to kill Cajemé, but Cajemé was not at home, having left for the Mayo River with his bodyguard the day before. After Molina failed to kill Cajemé, the Mexican Government sent a force of three columns of 1200 men each to occupy the Yaqui territory. This force was originally under the command of Brigadier General Jose Guillermo Carbó. It was thought that this was an advantageous time to move against the Yaquis, as the situation was relatively calm. A military report on the first of September stated that Cajemé had dissolved his troops, and many indigenous people were approaching ranchos near the Yaqui River in search of work, while raids on ranchos had stopped. Under General Martinez, the Mexican forces moved on the Yaqui River pueblos. A heavy body of cavalry came from the town of Buena Vista, from the north-east. General Martinez personally directed the occupation of the strategic Yaqui pueblo of Torím and other areas of the Yaqui River Valley from his headquarters at Barojica. General Bonifacio Topete eventually took control of a large part of the force and attempted to overrun a major fortification that the Yaqui built near Vícam. The fort, "El Añil" was the first use of defensive warfare by Cajemé, and consisted of fences, parapets, and a moat surrounding the fortification. By May 16, the Mexican army destroyed the fortification at El Añil, which was a great defeat for the Yaquis. Eventually betrayed by a Yaqui woman whose sympathies lay with Loreto Molina and other Yaquis opposed to resisting Mexican authority, Cajemé was captured while visiting family members in the pueblo of San José de Guaymas on April 13, 1887.

Cajemé was kept under house arrest by General Angel Martinez. He was treated with all of the respect and courtesy accorded to a defeated leader of a country while under arrest. Cajemé was extensively interviewed by Ramón Corral, who was elected Vice-Governor of Sonora, Governor of Sonora, and eventually Vice-president of Mexico under Porfirio Diaz. At eleven in the morning one morning in 1887, a pretence was made that Cajemé was trying to escape his guard, and Cajemé was shot seven times and killed, his hat nailed to a tree. Cajemé's body was given to Tomás Durante, leader of the Yaqui people residing at Cócorit, and those Yaqui loyal to Cajemé reverently buried him at Cócorit.

Dawn of Man[]

Zharques Yaqui Cajemé Diplo

Art by Arilasqueto and RawSasquatch

Stand up and take arms, Cajemé of the Yaqui, former Captain in the Mexican Army and Freedom Fighter for your people. Born and baptized José María Bonifacio Leyba Pérez, after fighting under General Ramón Corona and against your people, you were appointed to the office of Alcalde Mayor of the Yaqui by Mexican Authorities, instead of pacifying your people obediently, you united the eight Yaqui pueblo into a small, independent republic and unexpectedly announced he would not recognize the Mexican government unless his people were allowed to independently govern themselves. As a social reformer and military commander, now for the Yaqui, you kept the Yaqui spirit alive, and fought back against the brutality of the Mexican government. A skilful commander, your tenaciousness and boldness forced the Mexican authorities to resort to nefarious means, tempting a betrayal among your posse, after which you were executed.

Oh resolute Cajemé, your people have been broken, but their spirit still burns with the passion for liberation. Take up arms once again, call upon the glory of God to smite your enemies, and liberate the eight pueblos to once again see the light of prosperity? Will you keep your faith among the brutality of battle and bondage? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?

Introduction: "Lios em chania. Greetings. I am Cajemé of the Yaqui, and I will never stop fighting for my people."

Defeat: "I may be defeated, but my spirit can never be taken, and my people will never stop fighting."

Unique Attributes[]

Yaqui (Cajemé)
Zharques Yaqui Cajemé Leader

Art by RawSasquatch

The Easter People

Receive 4 maintenance-free units upon adopting a religion in your Capital. Cities of your main religion yield FaithIcon Faith upon training a unit while at war.

Zharques Yaqui Cajemé Maehtom

Art by RawSasquatch

Maehtom (Missionary)
  • Does not take attrition damage while in the borders of a larger civilization.
  • May retreat from melee attacks while in a city where your main religion is present.
Zharques Yaqui Cajemé Wiko'i

Art by RawSasquatch

Wiko'i (Rifleman)
  • May attack twice per turn when on or adjacent to desert or hills.
  • Gains +25% Strength Combat Strength against cities that share your religion.
City List
  1. Torim
  2. Beene
  3. Wibism
  4. Rahum
  5. Potan
  6. Vicam
  7. Bacum
  8. Ko'okoim
  9. Bataconsica
  10. Torokoba
  11. Copas
  12. Pitahaya
  13. Nogalitos
  14. Totoi-ta-kuse'epo
  15. Otam Kawi
  16. Vakatetteve Kawi
  17. Guadalupe
  18. Guaymas
  19. New Pascua
  20. Pueblo Yaqui
  21. Capetamaya
  22. El Añil
Spy List
  • Surem
  • Teresita
  • Yooko
  • Tetabiate
  • Baipisio
  • Mayoqui
  • Yoriqui
  • Baumea
  • Guicosamea
  • Cicayalc̓a


Peace Theme War Theme

Deer Dance (Tosay Hwilit) (White Bird) and Taciovakok (a herb)


Deer Dance (Tukahaniw) (Night Earth) and Chepa Muchicawi (Josephine's Turtle Mountain)

'Deer Dance and Taciovakok' by Musicians and Singers from Old Paschua Village 'Deer Dance and Chepa Muchicawi' by Musicians and Singers from Old Paschua Village

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Community Balance Patch
Ethnic Units
Map Labels
Unique Cultural Influence

Unique Cultural Influence[]

"Our people are now doing deer dances and celebrating Waresma. We worry that the rest of the world will fall under your influence."

Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 2
Last Updated: 10 Jul 2021

  • Zharques: XML/Sql
  • Arilasqueto: Civ Icon, Leaderscene
  • RawSasquatch: Maehtom Icon, Wiko'i Icon, Leaderscene, Map, MissionaryReplacer Code
  • EmeraldRange: Unit Models, Unit ArtDefines
  • DarthKyofu: Atlasing
  • bernie14: Unit Models
  • DuskJockey: Lua
  • LastSword: MissionaryReplacer Code
  • Musicians and Singers from Old Paschua Village: Themes

Notes and References[]

Kings of the Wild Frontier [edit]
The ArapahoThe BlackfootThe CayugaThe CherokeeThe ChickasawThe ComancheThe HaidaHohokamThe HuronThe KumeyaayThe Kwakwaka'wakwThe ModocThe MohaveMuskogeeThe Nez PerceThe PuebloThe ShawneeThe TimucuaThe Yaqui
Zharques' Civilizations [edit]
Historic Civilizations
Australia (Harold Holt)Austria (Kurt Waldheim)Brazil (Itamar Franco)Don (Pyotr Krasnov)ElamFrance (Lafayette)Germany (Robert Blum)Hungary (György Dózsa)The Mamluks (Shajar al-Durr)Mongolia (Ögedei Khan)Oxus (Frâda)Poland (Jadwiga)Rome (Marcus Aurelius)Rome (Tiberius)Syria (Bashar al-Assad)Tajikistan (Emomali Rahmon)Tui Manu'a (Matelita)The Yaqui