Civilization V Customisation Wiki

The Macushi led by Bernaldina Jose Pedro is a custom civilization mod by Sas, with contributions from Arilasqueto and Zharques.


The Macushi[]

The Macushi, also known as the Makuxi, Macuxi, Macusi, Macussi, Makushi, Makusi, Teueia, and Teweya people, are an indigenous people living in the borderlands of southern Guyana, northern Brazil, eastern Venezuela.Their oral history describes them as descendants of the sun, and were semi-nomadic prior to colonisation.

Macushi people speak the Macushi language, a Macushi-Kapon language, which is part of the Carib language family. However, as the Macushi are spread across multiple countries, the second language they speak varies depends on the colonial border. Macushi people in Brazil speak Portuguese if they speak a second language, likewise for Venezuelan Macushi speaking Spanish and Guyanan Macushi speaking English. Macushi were hesitant to teach their language to outsiders, thus the language was threatened in the 1950s, as it was considered "slang" compared to the official Portuguese. The Macushi language is written in the Latin script, and the New Testament was translated into the language in 1996

Macushi oral history describes them as descendants of the sun's children, the benevolent Insikiran, also known as Inshkirung, and his malevolent brother Makunaima, also known as Negi. The brothers created fire, disease, and discovered  Washacá, the Tree of Life. The Macushi believe in the principle of stkaton, which is the understanding that life comes from the sun. Similar to the Patamona and Akawaio people, the piaiman, the spiritual leader and medicine man is of utmost importance to the culture, along with the belief in keinaimi, an evil spirit that is personified as an "outsider" which brings death and misfortune.Kanaima have been associated with shape-shifting, shifting to animals such as jaguars, bats, or armadillos, and and attacks are often directed at individuals when they are alone, in which they would be assaulted and die some days later. Another use of the term applies spiritual context to stealth, assassin-like tactics as a form of protection, but can come back to harm the beneficiaries as well.

The Macushi live in villages linked together by tracks and paths, with houses built round a central courtyard. Macushi practice hunting and agriculture methods such as shifting cultivation and fish-poisoning. Similar to other indigenous groups in the area, Macushi traditional life relies a great deal on the bitter cassava, known in the Macushi culture as Kisera. The tasks conducted around this plant are usually divided by gender. Men traditionally clear the land and women tend and harvest. When married, the Macushi couple lives in the wife's family's village and the father-in-law is of great importance in Macushi kinship.

The earliest recorded mentions of Macushi was in 1740 in context of Luso-Brazilian slave raids led by Irishman Lancelot Belforte, known to Brazilians as Lourenço Belforte. From the 1700s to the late 1800s, the Macushi were pushed north by Brazilian raids, and south by Caribs and Akawaio proxies for the Dutch and English, limiting the extent of their lands to the Rupununi Savannah. While there are reports of Macushi selling their own into slavery, it has also been noted that this was done under duress.In the 1800s, Macushis "specialized in producing hammocks, various crafts, and a potent form of curare" which were traded among other Amerindian groups in the region often for cassava graters and blow-pipes.

Prior to European colonization, Macushi were semi-nomadic, but permanent settlements have since formed usually around Catholic or Anglican missions or government-built schools. By the 1900s, many Macushi worked as laborers doing balata-bleeding or cattle-ranching. During the 18th century in Brazil, non-native people occupied Macushi territory, establishing mission villages and farms and forcing Macushi people to relocate. Brazilian indigenous policies have had a more visibly significant effect on Macushi culture compared to the Guyana side, which on the most part had been to leave them alone. In Guyana, the Macushi settled in the Northern Rupununi Savannah. Cuthbert Cary-Elwes, a Jesuit missionary settled among the Macushi of the Rupununi Region in 1909, learned the language and stayed with them for more than 23 years.

The Rupununi uprising was a secessionist insurrection in Guyana that began on 2 January 1969 led by cattle ranchers who sought to control 22,300 square miles of land. Guyana’s independence from the United Kingdom, it constituted the country’s earliest and most severe test of statehood and social solidarity. The uprising was relevant to the Guyanese Macushi population as many employees of the ranchers, as well as Amerindian ranch owners, participated, believing that the central government was engaged in wealth transfer of frontier farmlands and gold and diamond mining areas from the indigenous people to African-Guyanese and Indo-Guyanese.

Macushi are the largest indigenous group in the Roraima, and make up a segment of the population of Boa Vista. Raposa Serra do Sol is a recognized indigenous area of the Macushi. However, with the support of evangelical pastors, global mining interests, and soy farmers, the Jair Bolsonaro government pushed to exploit the gold, bauxite, diamonds, molybdenum and copper of the Macushi territory. Despite no geological studies to support the claim, Bolsonaro said the Raposa do Sol holds niobium, a rare and versatile metal used to strengthen steel.

Bernaldina José Pedro[]

Bernaldina José Pedro, known affectionately as Vovó Bernaldina was a Macushi Brazilian tribal leader, shaman and activist. She possessed a wealth of knowledge about the songs, dances, crafts, medicines and prayers of the Macushi people, and was a respected and essential voice in the successful struggle to establish a 4 million-acre Indigenous territory on the border with Guyana.

Bernaldina José Pedro was born Koko Meriná Eremunkon on March 25, 1945, to Samuel José de Souza and Marina José in the Indigenous village of Pedra Preta, in Guyana, where they hunted, farmed and fished for a living. In her 20s she married Marcelo Pedro and moved to his village, Mataruca, just across the border in Brazil. Her husband’s family were tribal leaders, and she rose in influence through marriage, but she also commanded respect for the wisdom, charisma and guidance she offered while the Macushi fought off court challenges, squatters and often violent attacks until their reservation, which she advocated the establishment of, Raposa Serra do Sol, was officially established in 2009.

Vovó Bernaldina, meaning literally Grandma Bernaldina, was a Roman Catholic and a big fan of the Argentine-born pope Francis, the first from Latin America. Much as with other native people from South America, she did not renounce her traditional beliefs.  During her short meeting with Francis, in a general audience in St. Peter’s Square, she gave him a letter warning that the Brazilian government might try to reclaim the Indigenous reservation on which her people lived. She asked for his help. The meeting was captured in the 2020 documentary “Amazonian Cosmos,” by Daniel Schweizer, which recounted her son’s efforts to raise awareness about his people. She also travelled to Italy with the Macushi artist Jaider Esbell.

When Covid-19 first appeared in her village, Vovó Bernaldina performed Toshao-like duties, as she was the one whom people called on to fight the new disease. In addition to managing her village’s response, she would perform a shamanistic ritual that involved filling the hut of an ailing person with smoke, chanting and dance. It was here that she was exposed to Covid-19, from which she died on June 24 at a hospital in Boa Vista, the capital of Roraima state in Brazil at age 75.

Dawn of Man[]

Sas Macushi BernaldinaJosePedro Diplo

Art by Artist

Blessings be upon you, oh Bernaldina José Pedro, grandmother of the Macushi and tribal leader. You have always been a strong representative for your people. From your advocation for the establishment of Raposa Serra do Sol, to your journey to Italy to plead with Pope Francis, you have always fought for the recognition of your people. But advocate was not your only role, as l you accumulated traditional knowledge and assumed a role of tribal leader for your village. You had extensive knowledge of rituals, crafts, medicine, and prayers of the Macushi people. But during the Covid pandemic, as you were doing what you always do in caring for your people, you contracted the deadly disease and could not recover, leaving your people without their beloved grandmother.

Oh Vovó Bernaldina, your people dearly miss you. They call out, their hearts aggrieved by loss, for the grandmother who will help protect them and keep their traditions secure. They hope for your return, to once again fill the roles of medic, of shaman, and of carer. Can you once again herald your people through the threats and insecurity bought by a changing world? Will you build a civilization that can stand the test of time?

Introduction: "Welcome to the lands of the Macushi. I am Bernaldina José Pedro, and if you mean our people no ill will you will find no trouble here."

Defeat: "I have given all to my people. Now to rest."

Unique Attributes[]

The Macushi (Bernaldina José Pedro)
Sas Macushi BernaldinaJosePedro Leader Icon
Grandmother Of The Peoples

All cities begin with an Engineer Specialist slot, and a small amount of Influence Influence is gained with all known City-States whenever a Great Person is born.

Sas Macushi BernaldinaJosePedro Toshao
Toshao (Great Engineer)
  • May conduct Trade Missions but can't build Manufactories
  • After being expended for a Trade Mission or to Hurry Production, provides a boost of random Greatperson Great Person Points in the Capital
  • Becomes a Worker instead of disappearing
Sas Macushi BernaldinaJosePedro Kisera Mill
Kisera Mill (Granary)
  • Regular Granary bonuses (+2 Food Food, +1 Food Food from Wheat, Bananas, and Deer)
  • May spawn a source of Bananas Bananas near the city
  • +1 Happy Happiness
City List
  1. Maturuca
  2. Karasabai
  3. Rewa
  4. Pirara
  5. Wowetta
  6. Nappi
  7. Moco-Moco
  8. Santa Elena
  9. Apoteri
  10. Karsnambo
  11. Crash Water
  12. Yupukari
  13. Surama
  14. Kwatamang
  15. Annai
  16. Surumu
  17. Caju
  18. Bananal
  19. Pedra Preta
  20. Uailan
  21. Tamanduá
  22. Waromada
  23. Flechal
  24. Mutum
  25. Darora
  26. Lilas
  27. Jawari
  28. Toka
  29. Tipuru
  30. Kara Kara
  31. Aranaputa
  32. Kavanayén
  33. St. Ignatius
Spy List
  • Macunaima
  • Sydney
  • Jaider
  • Matoro Tuu
  • Oonapani
  • Wapishana
  • Amazad
  • Stephen
  • Thomas
  • Valerie


Peace Theme War Theme
'Rupununi' by Macushi Arts Production 'Facing The Yabahuaca' by Green Hell OST
Mod Support
Community Balance Patch
Ethnic Units
Map Labels
Unique Cultural Influence

Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 25th Dec 2023
  • Sas: Creator, Art, XML
  • Arilasqueto: Civ Icon
  • Zharques: Pedias, DOM, Dialogue
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