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The Ghurids led by Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad Ghori is a custom civilization by Grant.

This mod requires Brave New World.

Overview[]

Ghurids[]

The Ghurid dynasty was a Persianate dynasty and a clan of presumably eastern Iranian Tajik origin, which ruled from the 10th-century to 1215. The Ghurids were centered in the Ghor of present-day central Afghanistan, where they initially started out as local chiefs. They gradually converted to Sunni Islam from Buddhism after the conquest of Ghor by the Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in 1011. The dynasty ultimately overthrew the Ghaznavid Empire when Muhammad of Ghor conquered the last Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186 from Khusrau Malik.

At their zenith, the Ghurid empire encompassed Khorasan in the west and reached northern India as far as Bengal in the east. Their first capital was Firozkoh in Mandesh, Ghor, which was later replaced by Herat and finally Ghazni. The Ghurids were patrons of Persian culture and heritage. Abu Ali ibn Muhammad (r. 1011–1035) was the first Muslim king of the Ghurid dynasty to construct mosques and Islamic schools in Ghor.

The Ghurids were succeeded in Khorasan and Persia by the Khwarazmian dynasty, and in northern India former Ghurid generals formed the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.

Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad Ghori[]

Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad ibn Sam, also known as Muhammad of Ghor, was the Sultan of the Ghurid Empire from 1173 to 1206. He is credited with laying the foundation of Muslim rule in the Indian subcontinent, which lasted for several centuries. He reigned over a territory spanning over parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Northern India, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

Mu'izz al-Din along with his brother Ghiyath captured Ghazni and Herat and used them as their base for expeditions in Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. In 1175, Mu'izz crossed the Indus plain through Gomal Pass and captured Multan from its Ismaili Muslim community, and also took Uch (situated between Chenab and Jhelum rivers) by 1176. His forces were routed in the mountainous pass of Gadararaghatta by a coalition of Rajput chiefs, which forced him to change his route for future inroads into India. Hence, Mu'izz pressed upon the Ghaznavids and uprooted them by 1186, conquering Sindh, Peshawar, Lahore and Sialkot. After consolidating his hold in northwest, he penetrated into the north Indian Plain through the Khyber Pass which was under the sway of Rajputs.

In 1191, his forces were defeated by a Rajput Confederacy led by Prithviraj Chauhan near Tarain. However, in 1192, Mu'izz ad-Din returned with a vast army of Turkish mounted archers and defeated the Rajputs on the same battleground and executed Prithviraja shortly afterwards. His victory at Tarain, paved the way for the establishment of Muslim rule in Indian subcontinent. He limited his presence in India afterwards to concentrate on his expansion in the west and left his conquests in India under his slave generals who expanded the influence of the Ghurids till Bengal in the east.

After the death of Ghiyath in 1203, Mu'izz al-Din ascended to the throne as the sole ruler of vast Ghurid empire. Within a year or so in conflict with the Khwarazmian Empire, Mu'izz suffered a sharp reverse near the Oxus river in the Battle of Andhkhud which halted his expansion in Central Asia and resulted in the loss of Merv and most of the Khorasan. Mu'izz raised a vast army and built a bridge across the Oxus to launch a full-scale invasion of Transoxiana to avenge his defeat, although a rebellion in his empire in Punjab forced him to move towards India once more around 1205-1206.

On his way back, Mu'izz was assassinated near the Indus on March 15, 1206, by a group of assassins from the rival Muslim sect while offering evening prayer. After his death, his empire collapsed during the rise of Khawarazmian empire who reached up to the Indus but was eventually swept away by the Mongols under Genghis Khan. Mu'izz's conquests in Indian subcontinent continue to thrive under the Delhi Sultanate which withstood the turmoil in Central Asia caused by the Mongol hordes.

Dawn of Man[]

Glory to the great Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori, for you, along with your noble brother Ghiyath al-Din, broke from the slavery of Ghaznavid rule and forged an empire from Gorgan to Bengal. Never had Islam pierced so far into the Indian subcontinent; never had an Islamic empire, headed by a former slave, surrounded on all sides by treacherous rivals and savage nomads, achieved so much in such a short time. Truly, it was the greatest empire since the days of the first Caliphs. But, like all on this earth, it was not to last. The Delhi Sultanate preserved Islam in India, but by the days of Timur, Ghurid hegemony went little beyond the Afghan countryside. Yet you should not be remembered just for your military success. You were pious, noble, and beyond earthly compare.

MuhammadGhoriLS

Leaderscreen by Grant

Great Sultan, with the east splintered once more into petty states, the time is ripe for an all-conquering, all-embracing, all-powerful empire stretching from sea to sea, under the banner of Islam. Many look to you as the bearer of that banner, but you must first prove yourself. Can you restore the glory of the Ghurids? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?

Introduction: "A messenger, then! This isn't the best time to be passing each other letters, I'm afraid. My enemies won't slaughter themselves."

Defeat: "The Ghurids fade back into submission. Though we may be now just another desert tribe subject to your authority, we have a knack for keeping empires dependent on us. So watch your step."

Unique Attributes[]

The Ghurids (Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori)
GhuridLead

Art by Grant

The World Burner

Defeating units, capturing Capital Capitals and Citystate City-States increases Religion Religious Pressure across conquered cities. Gain Greatperson Great General Points from Courthouses and Belief Buildings during a Goldenage Golden Age.

GhuridUU

Art by Grant

Šansabānī Bowman (Knight)
  • +4 Moves Movement.
  • +20% ranged combat strength against Citystate City-State units.
  • Gains additional Moves movement on conquered tiles successively further from the Capital Capital.
  • While garrisoned, new Religion Followers heal the unit's Strength strength.
GhuridUB

Art by Grant

Turquoise Minaret (Temple)
  • Increased Production cost (300 vs 120).
  • +4 FaithIcon , increased per Belief Building purchased in conquered cities.
  • Begins a Goldenage Golden Age if constructed upon the birth or death of a Greatperson Great Person.
City List
  1. Ghazna
  2. Herat
  3. Kabul
  4. Peshawar
  5. Zaranj
  6. Lahore
  7. Sialkot
  8. Multan
  9. Kapisi
  10. Kandahar
  11. Delhi
  12. Mathura
  13. Agra
  14. Panipat
  15. Bost
  16. Kannauj
  17. Gwalior
  18. Jaunpur
  19. Meerut
  20. Bathinda
  21. Bihar
  22. Kol
  23. Tarain
  24. Nagaur
  25. Uch
  26. Thatta
  27. Panjgur
  28. Fahrej
  29. Bam
  30. Jiroft
  31. Birjand
  32. Budhaun
  33. Ayodhya
  34. Lucknow
  35. Hajjpur
Spy List
  • Sūrī
  • Qutb
  • Muizz
  • Nasir
  • Ghiyath
  • Fakhr
  • Shuja
  • Abu'l Abbas
  • Minhaj
  • Isfaraini


Strategy[]

Ghurids

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Yes
No
Community Balance Patch
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Ethnic Units
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Map Labels
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Unique Cultural Influence
No
Wish for the World
No
YnAEMP
Yes


Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 28 June 2022

 

 
  • Grant: Code, Research, Art, Text, Design, Mod Support
  • TopHatPaladin: Lua utilities
  • JFD: Lua utilities
  • Chrisy15: Lua utilities
  • DuskJockey: Lua utilities
  • Danrell: Unit model
  • Izmoil Nazriev: Music


Crossroads of the World [edit]
AfghanistanThe AfsharidsBukhara (Muhammad Shaybani)Bukhara (Shah Murad)The DzungarsEast TurkestanThe GhuridsThe KalmyksThe KazakhsKazanKhivaKhwarezmKokandMongolia (Ögedei Khan)Mongolia (Sorghaghtani)The NogayOxusQara KhitaiSibirSogdianaTajikistanTurkmenistanXinjiangYettisharThe Zunbils
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