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The Roman Empire led by Caracalla is a mod produced by JFD, with contributions from DMS and TopHatPaladin.

This mod requires Brave New World.

Overview[]

Rome[]

The Roman Empire is the most remarkable and long-lived political entity in the history of Western Civilization. It was founded around the 8th century BC, and portions of it survived until the 14th century AD. The Romans were great innovators in some areas, and they were not shy about appropriating good ideas they found in other cultures. They greatly shaped Western culture, law, art, architecture, religion, language, and warfare.

Caracalla[]

Caracalla, also spelled Caracallus, byname of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 196 ce) Septimius Bassianus, also called (196–198 ce) Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Caesar, (born April 4, 188 ce, Lugdunum [Lyon], Gaul—died April 8, 217, near Carrhae, Mesopotamia), was Roman emperor, ruling jointly with his father, Septimius Severus, from 198 to 211 and then alone from 211 until his assassination in 217. His principal achievements were his colossal baths in Rome and his edict of 212, giving Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the empire. Caracalla, whose reign contributed to the decay of the empire, has often been regarded as one of the most bloodthirsty tyrants in Roman history.

Caracalla was the elder son of the future emperor Lucius Septimius Severus, a North African, and Julia Domna, a Syrian. He was originally named Bassianus, after his maternal grandfather, who had been high priest of the Syrian sun god Elagabalus. He assumed the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and added the title Caesar because his father wanted to connect his family with the famous dynasty of the Antonines. In 198 he was given the title of Augustus, which nominally meant he had equal rank with his father. The byname Caracalla was based on his alleged designing of a new cloak of that name. Another of his nicknames, Tarautas, was that of an ugly, insolent, and bloodthirsty gladiator whom he was thought to resemble.

The ancient sources concerning his life and character are by no means reliable. One of them, for example, recounts that as a boy he was amiable, generous, and sensitive and only later became insufferable; but the same source reports in another context that he was fierce by nature. Modern treatments emphasize Caracalla’s Syrian heritage as one of the most important elements in his character, although here, too, due caution must be applied, since Eastern origin was in no way incompatible with a high degree of Romanization. Julia herself was well acquainted with Greco-Roman culture and hired excellent teachers to give her son the best education available. It is reported that he studied the Greek orators and tragedians and was able to quote long passages from the Greek playwright Euripides but also that he strongly despised education and educated people. This may have been the result of his passion for military life, which probably developed when he accompanied his father on his many military expeditions.

At the age of 14 he was married to Fulvia Plautilla, the daughter of the influential and ambitious commander of the imperial guard, Fulvius Plautianus; he is said to have hated Plautianus and played an important role in having him executed on the charge of a conspiracy against the imperial dynasty. He also exiled his own wife to an island and later killed her.

A significant development was the growing rivalry between Caracalla and his younger brother Geta, a rivalry that was aggravated when Severus died during a campaign in Britain (211), and Caracalla, nearing his 23rd birthday, passed from the second to the first position in the empire. All attempts by their mother to bring about a reconciliation were in vain, and Caracalla finally killed Geta, in the arms of Julia herself, it is said. There can be no doubt about the savage brutality of Caracalla’s act, but a solution that would have been at once moral and practicable was not in sight.

Caracalla next showed considerable cruelty in ordering many of Geta’s friends and associates put to death. Probably in order to regain goodwill, he granted an amnesty to exiles, a move denounced as hypocritical in ancient sources, which also slander Caracalla’s most famous measure, the so-called Constitutio Antoniniana de Civitate, as a device designed solely to collect more taxes.

His expeditions against the German tribes in 212/213, when he senselessly massacred an allied German force, and against the Parthians in 216–217 are ascribed by ancient sources to his love of military glory. Just before the Parthian campaign, he is said to have perpetrated a “massacre” among the population of Alexandria, probably in response to a disturbance there.

Caracalla’s unpredictable behaviour is said to have prompted Macrinus, the commander of the imperial guard and his successor on the throne, to plot against him: Caracalla was assassinated at the beginning of a second campaign against the Parthians.

Important for the understanding of his character and behaviour is his identification with Alexander the Great. Admiration of the great Macedonian was not unusual among Roman emperors, but, in the case of Caracalla, Alexander became an obsession that proved to be ludicrous and grotesque. He adopted clothing, weapons, behaviour, travel routes, portraits, perhaps even an alleged plan to conquer the Parthian empire, all in imitation of Alexander. He assumed the surname Magnus, the Great, organized a Macedonian phalanx and an elephant division, and had himself represented as godlike on coins.

Another important trait was Caracalla’s deeply rooted superstition; he followed magical practices and carefully observed all ritual obligations. He was tolerant of the Jewish and Christian faiths, but his favourite deity was the Egyptian god Serapis, whose son or brother he pretended to be. He adopted the Egyptian practice of identifying the ruler with god and is the only Roman emperor who is portrayed as a pharaoh in a statue.

In the many portraits of him, the expression of vehemence and cruelty is obvious, and some sources say that he intentionally reinforced this impression, perhaps because it flattered his vanity to spread fear and terror. It is also said that he was of small size but excelled in bodily exercises, that he shared the toils of the rank and file but also weakened his virility by a dissolute life and was not even able to bear the weight of a cuirass.

A similar inconsistency characterizes the judgments about his mental state. He was said to be mad but also sharp minded and ready witted. His predilection for gods of health, as documented by numerous dedicatory inscriptions, may support the theory of mental illness.

If Caracalla was a madman or a tyrant, the fact had no great consequences for his administration of the empire, which may or may not have been vitally influenced by Julia Domna and the great jurists who surrounded him. He was venerated by his soldiers, who forced the Senate to deify him after his death, and there is no indication that he was especially disliked among the general population. In any case, the Roman Empire at that time was still strong enough to bear a ruler who certainly lacked the qualities of an outstanding emperor.

Dawn of Man[]

JFD Caracalla Diplo

Leaderscreen by DMS

Welcome, great emperor Caracalla of Rome. You are at the command of a vast and mighty empire. When you succeeded to the throne in 211 AD, instability and discord was rife. Yet you kept in your heart a single truth: that Rome was an empire of soldiers and citizens, and to keep them content was to keep the empire intact. Though your Antonine Edict and your great Baths would elevate the status of both citizen and soldier, your neglect of the rich and powerful would ultimately condemn your name to tyranny.

Defamed Caracalla, the time has come to set aside the interests of the senate in favour of Rome's true people. Can you win the favour of your soldiers? Can you create an empire complete and Roman? Can you build a civilization that can stand the test of time?

Introduction: So, you come before the mighty Caracalla, emperor of Rome and its people. Speak then. Don't waste my time.

Defeat: Take my sword and slay me then, or are you too much of a coward to be the one to do it?

Unique Attributes[]

The Roman Empire (Caracalla)
IconPNG Caracalla

Art by DMS

Antonine Constitution
Conquered Cities benefit from the Happy Local Happiness in the Capital Capital. Courthouses grant +1 Citizen Citizen to their city upon completion.
Icon Citizen Cavalry

Art by DMS

Citizen Cavalry (Horseman)

  • Unlocked at Mathematics
  • Upon outbreak of war, spawns automatically in the Capital and conquered cities (cannot spawn more units than you have Horses)
  • Receives extra movement if it begins its turn garrisoned in a city
Icon Thermae

Art by DMS

Thermae (Garden)

  • Unlocked earlier, at Engineering
  • Grants a burst of Food Food (quantity based on Happy Local Happiness) when the city grows in Population or completes a Courthouse
City List
  1. Rome
  2. Antium
  3. Cumae
  4. Neapolis
  5. Ravenna
  6. Arretium
  7. Mediolanum
  8. Arpinum
  9. Circei
  10. Setia
  11. Satricum
  12. Ardea
  13. Ostia
  14. Velitrae
  15. Viroconium
  16. Tarentum
  17. Brundisium
  18. Caesaraugusta
  19. Caesarea
  20. Palmyra
  21. Signia
  22. Aquileia
  23. Clusium
  24. Sutrium
  25. Cremona
  26. Placentia
  27. Hispalis
  28. Artaxata
  29. Aurelianorum
  30. Nicopolis
  31. Londinium
  32. Eburacum
  33. Gordion
  34. Agrippina
  35. Lugdunum
  36. Verona
  37. Corfinium
  38. Treveri
  39. Sirmium
  40. Augustadorum
  41. Bagacum
  42. Lauriacum
  43. Teurnia
  44. Curia
  45. Fregellae
  46. Alba Fucens
  47. Sora
  48. Interrama
  49. Suessa
  50. Saticula
  51. Luceria
  52. Arminium
  53. Senagallica
  54. Castrum Novum
  55. Hadria
  56. Padua
Spy List
  • Flavius
  • Regula
  • Servius
  • Lucia
  • Cornelius
  • Licina
  • Canus
  • Serpens
  • Agrippa
  • Brutus

Strategy[]

Icon RomeCaracalla

Music[]

Peace Theme War Theme
Grief by Andreas Waldesoft Auxiliaries by Andreas Waldesoft

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Yes
Yes
Community Balance Patch
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Ethnic Units
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Map Labels
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Unique Cultural Influence
Yes
Wish for the World
No
YnAEMP
Yes

Additional Achievements[]

Not So Damnatio Memoriae After All

  • Beat the game on any difficulty setting as Caracalla of Rome.

Edict for Caracalla

  • As Caracalla, have a total Global Population of 60 and be excess in Happiness by at least 10.

Events and Decisions[]

Dedicate Our Reign to Serapis
The great god of healing - Serapis - shall be the centre piece to our divine reign. May He protect us and our throne from all manner of treachery and conspiracy.
Requirements/Restrictions:
  • Must be Caracalla's Rome.
  • Must have a Pantheon.
  • Must have entered the Classical Era.
  • May be enacted once per game.
Costs:
  • 1_iFaith FaithIcon Faith
  • 2_iGold Gold Gold.
  • 2 Magistrates Magistrates.
Rewards:
  • +2 Gold Gold and +2 FaithIcon Faith from Thermae.
Support the Soldiery
The dying words of our father was this: to support the soldiery above all else, for with them, the Roman Empire will remain ours. In our reign, we intend to heed these words.
Requirements/Restrictions:
  • Must be Caracalla's Rome.
  • Must have at least three cities.
  • Must have a garrison in all cities.
  • Must have entered the Classical Era.
  • May be enacted once per game.
Costs:
  • 1_iGold Gold Gold.
  • 1 Magistrates Magistrate.
Rewards:
  • Construct Barracks 20% faster.
  • Each city with a unit garrison increases Happy Local Happiness by +1.

Claims, Colonies, and Crimes[]

Colony List (Same as vanilla Rome)
  1. Apulum
  2. Ebarocum
  3. Augusta Emerita
  4. Singidinum
  5. Camulodunum
  6. Agrippinensium
  7. Hierosoloma
  8. Lindum
  9. Stifis
  10. Napoca
  11. Drobeta
  12. Oescus

Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop Downloader
Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 31 October 2018

 

 
  • JFD: Author, Coding, Design, Research, Writing, Art (Civ Icon)
  • Andreas Waldeloft: Music
  • Danrell: Unit Graphics
  • DMS: Art (Leaderscene, Icons)
  • TopHatPaladin: Art (Map)
  • Sukritact: Coding Utilities
  • Britannica.com and Wikipedia: Pedias
Horrible Histories
FrancePortugalRomeSpainTehuelcheVietnam
JFD and Janboruta's Civilizations [edit]
Ancient
AkhenatenDjoserHammurabiHatshepsutJimmuTiglath-Pileser IIITutankhamun
Classical
ArminiusCaracalla • ConstantineGensericHannibalJulianJulius CaesarMenander ITigranes IIWuZheng
Medieval
Afonso I (Portugal)Aleksandr NevskyAlexios IAlfredBrian BoruCanuteCharlemagneEleanorErikFa NgumFerdinand I (León)GediminasHaakon IVHenry VInnocent IIIIngolfur ArnarsonIsabella (Castile)Justinian IMargarethe IMichael VIIINizam al-MulkNominoeRichard IShengzongShizongStefan DusanStephen ITiridates IIITomislav ITvrtko IVaclav IIWilliam IVlad IIIVsevolod
Renaissance
Afonso I (Kongo)Charles VChristian IVElizabeth BathoryGian GaleazzoHenry VIIIIsabel MontezumaIvan IVIvan SirkoJames VIJean ValetteLouis XIVManuel IMehmed IIPhilip IIPhilip IIISelim ISigismund IITygyn DarkhanYongle
Enlightenment
Ahmad Shah DurraniAlexander IElisabeth of RussiaFerdinand I (The Two Sicilies)Francis IIFrederick IIFrederick Augustus IHenri DufourJoseph IIKarl XIILouis XVIMoytoyPedro IPeter IRanjit Singh
Industrial
BalmacedaBrigham YoungCakobauCarlos ICixiLeopold IILili'uokalaniLincolnLudwig IIMaximilian IMeijiMorenoNorton IOscar IIPius IXPotatau Te WherowheroRama VTeddy RooseveltVictor Emmanuel IIUmberto IVictoria
WWI
Albert I (Belgium)Albert I (Monaco)Bogd GegeenClemenceauCouceiroGeorge VNicholas IIVictor Emmanuel IIIVladimir Lenin
WWII
Adolf HitlerBenito MussoliniCharles de GaulleChristian XFranklin RooseveltHaakon VIIHideki TojoHirohitoJoseph StalinJozef PilsudskiMackenzie KingMountbattenPeter IITribhuvanWilhelminaWinston Churchill
Modern
Alfredo StroessnerBill ClintonBokassa IElizabeth IIHussein IJigme Dorji WangchuckJohn Paul IIKeith HolyoakeMargarethe IIVladimir PutinWalter UlbrichtZahir Shah
Collaborations
Ali ibn al-HassanBulanEriRobrecht IIISaif bin SultanSaladinSeddon
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