Civilization V Customisation Wiki

Mogadishu led by Abu Bakr ibn Umar is a custom civilisation mod by EmeraldRange, with contributions from Orangechrisy, Chrisy15, NopeCopter and others.

This mod requires Brave New World.


The Sultanate of Mogadishu, situated in present-day Somalia, was a formidable city-state during the medieval period. Renowned for its strategic coastal location along the Indian Ocean, it became a vital center of trade, connecting diverse regions through maritime routes. Mogadishu's bustling markets and busy ports attracted merchants from across the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Peninsula, fostering a vibrant exchange of goods, ideas, and cultures.

Operating independently from larger empires, Mogadishu thrived as a hub of commerce holding a significant position in the transcontinental trade network, facilitating the exchange of valuable commodities such as ivory, spices, and gold. The city-state's influence extended beyond its borders, reaching the Swahili Coast, India and even China.

In the 9th century, Mogadishu experienced a significant transformation, evolving into a powerful sultanate that exerted control over East African trade routes. The sultanate's economic influence was demonstrated through the minting of its own currency, which further solidified its position as a major commercial center. This flourishing city-state boasted remarkable architectural achievements, including the construction of impressive castles known as qalcad.

Mogadishu's economic prowess extended beyond its immediate surroundings, as it engaged in extensive trade with other Islamic powers in the Middle East. The strength of Mogadishu was such that even the m Mongol Empire dispatced emissaries to Mogadishu. Unfortunately, they were captured, necessitating a second batch of emissaries to be sent for their release. Despite this diplomatic mishap, Mogadishu continued its trade relations with the Mongols, as evidenced by the presence of Chinese porcelain and coins from distant lands finding their way to the city.

Ibn Battuta and Abu Bakr[]

Abu Bakr ibn Shaikh 'Umar was one of the sultans of Mogadishu during its height of power and wealth. He emerged as a prominent leader and sultan in the 14th century. Abu Bakr was the son of Sultan Umar, as it was the custom in Mogadishu to call their Sultan by the title Shaikh.

Abu Bakr's fame was perhaps accidental, as he was the reigning Sultan when the renowned Moroccan explorer, Ibn Batutta, visited Mogadishu. Ibn Battuta witnessed firsthand the city's flourishing trade connections with other Islamic powers in the Middle East and the Indian Ocean. He observed the arrival of merchants from distant lands, bringing with them exotic goods and facilitating vibrant commercial exchanges. Notably, Ibn Batutta observed the law's presence at the port and the meticulous attention given to trade fairness by the Qadis, judges of Islamic law. The Qadis were directly involved at the ports overseeing the exchange of goods and voiding unfairly low payments.

Upon talking to and learning about Ibn Batutta's faraway travels, a Qadi took him to meet Abu Bakr. The Sultan displayed ample geneorisity through ample good food, generous lodging and a set of silk garments. He first met the Sultant at the Friday mosque. Abu Bakr took him to the tomb of his father, where the Sultan recited from the Quran and prayed. Ibn Batutta noted that the Sultan was one of the few people within Mogadishu walking with sandals outside, his head shaded by four canopies of coloured silk, decorated with golden birds.

Ibn Batutta then observed the courtly life of the Sultan, which blended prayer and hearings seamlessly. Much of the governance was left to the Qadis Most uniquely, the Shaikh entertained the public on Saturdays where many would sit on the bench outside the audience hall where the Qadi would act as a representative and admitting some cases and lawyers to see the Shaikh.

Further Sultanates and Somalia[]

In the early 13th century, Mogadishu fell under the control of the Sultanate of Ajuran, a rising power in southern Somalia. In the 17th century, overly strict taxation on the part of Ajuran officials led to the Hiraab Emirate revolting and eventually eclipsing its former overlord state. Upon capturing Mogadishu, the Hiraab nobles made the city their new political capital, though the city’s importance as a trading hub remained as well. When the Hiraab Emirate in turn began to decline, the new Geledi Sultanate vied for control over the city with the Sultanate of Oman, with the Geledi sultans eventually winning out and forcing the Omani sultan to pay tribute to keep his diplomatic presence in the city. Inland trade grew more profitable in this era, with large quantities of grain from the Shabelle River and ivory and furs from inland hunting supplementing Mogadishu’s foreign trade market.

In 1892, Sultan Osman Ahmed of Geledi, looking to improve relations with Italy, leased the city of Mogadishu to the Italians, and in 1905 the Italian government purchased the city outright. The city was made the capital of Italian Somaliland, and slowly, Mogadishu underwent significant modernization and assimilation. With the coming of World War II, however, Mogadishu quickly fell out of Italian hands – the city was captured by the British as early as 1941.

In 1960, Mogadishu became the capital of the newly-created Republic of Somalia. Somalia's early democracy appeared stable, however, in 1969, a military coup saw the assassination of president Abdirashid Ali Shermarke and the establishment of a military dictatorship Mohammed Siad Barre. While Barre attempted to modernize the nation, his cruelty towards dissenters coupled with a disastrous military campaign into Ethiopia’s Ogaden region caused his regime to collapse, and Somalia as a whole fell into chaos and civil war.

Today, Mogadishu is firmly in control of the new Somali government and has even begun the process of rebuilding and modernizing its infrastructure, but the city and the nation at large still remain under threat from the Islamist insurgent group al-Shabaab which holds de facto control over much of inland Somalia to this day. The ongoing presence of al-Shabaab underscores the persistent struggle for peace and security in Mogadishu, demanding concerted efforts to overcome these obstacles and forge a brighter future.

Dawn of Man[]

HGreat Sultan Abu Bakr ibn Shaikh 'Umar, ruler of the mighty Sultanate of Mogadishu, your reign marked a golden era of power and wealth in this illustrious city. Your name resonates in history, intertwined with that of Ibn Battuta. Under your noble rule, Mogadishu flourished, showcasing its widespread trade connections, meticulous legal oversight of fair exchange, and the magnanimous spirit of a Sultan devoted to the scholars of the faith.


Leaderscreen by EmeraldRange

O noble Shaikh, your openness to your people was truly beyond its time. Mogadishu today is fallen far from its golden age. Will you return to uphold justice through your Qadis once more? Can you rekindle the grandeur of your royal court audiences? Can you build a civilization that can stand the test of time?

Introduction: "Greetings, faraway traveler. I am Abu Bakr ibn Umar, the Shaikh of this humble Sultanate, may I show you around the great city?"

Defeat: "Well fought, my brother. Shame that we had to fight. I concede defeat and surrender myself to your authority."

Attacked: "Your futile attack is quite misguided. Unjust, as well, but you leave me no choice."

Unique Attributes[]

Mogadishu (Abu Bakr ibn Umar)

Art by EmeraldRange

Port of Blinding Beauty

Cargo Ships gain 50% extended range. Trade routes provide +1% Food Food and +2% Gold Gold to your city for every unique resource in your city.


Art by EmeraldRange

Uwassiye (Caravel)
  • +5 Strength Strength.
  • Provides +2 Gold Gold for each active Traderoute trade route to the city it is stationed next to.
  • If the city is Mogadishawi, it also provides +1 [[[Image:Food.png]] Food per route,
  • If the city is foreign, it provides +2 CultureIcon Culture per route.

Art by Orangechrisy

Daaq Ah
  • Unlocked at Animal Husbandry.
  • May be built on desert or hill tiles.
  • Provides +1 Food Food, increasing to +2 Food Food when next to a water source.
  • Spawns a bonus pasture resource randomly.
City List
  1. Mogadishu
  2. Hamar Weyne
  3. Shangani
  4. Afgoi
  5. Merca
  6. Barawa
  7. Mnara
  8. Hiraab
  9. Aw Dhigle
  10. Hamar Jajab
  11. Arba Rukn
  12. Warsheikh
  13. Jami
  14. Wanlawein
  15. Balcad
  16. Beledwein
  17. Genale
  18. Vardera
  19. Giohar
  20. Bur Hakaba
  21. Meregh
  22. Baidoa
  23. Kismanyo
  24. Bur Gao
  25. Lugh
  26. Eil
  27. Hafun
  28. Limey
  29. Bardera
  30. Maduna
  31. Boassao
  32. Afmadow
  33. Gezeira
  34. Niow
  35. Ceelqoode
Spy List
  1. Axmed
  2. Waare
  3. Qassim
  4. Gurxan
  5. Dugsiiye
  6. Fatuma
  7. Idman
  8. Basra
  9. Ilhaan
  10. Cureeji



Peace Theme War Theme
"Guurkii ba'a"; "Katashada cadawoho isku tiirsanada"

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Community Balance Patch
Ethnic Units
Map Labels
Unique Cultural Influence
Wish for the World

Full Credits List[]

Direct Download
Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 27 August 2023


  • EmeraldRange: Art, Design, Code, Lua, Texts, UU Texture, UTI model and texture
  • Orangechristy: UTI and Build Icon
  • Chrisy15: Lua
  • NopeCopter: Texts
  • DarthKyofu: Art help
  • ExplosiveWatermelon: Art Help

Note: this mod was made with the help of MidjourneyAI

EmeraldRange's Civilizations and Collabs†
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Africa: Mogadishu • Australia: Yolngu • Europe: Kalmyks • North America: Cayuga • South America: Guyana