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Kingdom of Kongo
Map by DarthKyofu
Map by DarthKyofu
Leader
Afonso I
Capital
São Salvador
Start Bias
Jungle
Religion
Catholicism
Culture
req. mod
Bantu


Civilopedia

Kongo led by Afonso I is a custom civilization mod by JFD, with contributions from DMS, DarthKyofu, Alga and Sukritact.

This mod requires Brave New World. It is part of the 12 Days of Africa event.

Overview[]

Kingdom of Kongo[]

The Kingdom of Kongo was a kingdom located in west central Africa in present-day northern Angola, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo as well as the southernmost part of Gabon. At its greatest extent it reached from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Kwango River in the east, and from the Congo River in the north to the Kwanza River in the south. The kingdom consisted of several core provinces ruled by the Manikongo, the Portuguese version of the Kongo title Mwene Kongo, meaning "lord or ruler of the Kongo kingdom", but its sphere of influence extended to neighbouring kingdoms, such as Ngoyo, Kakongo, Loango, Ndongo and Matamba, the last two located in what is Angola today.

From c. 1390 to 1857 it was mostly an independent state. From 1857 to 1914 it functioned as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Portugal. In 1914, following the Portuguese suppression of a Kongo revolt, Portugal abolished the titular monarchy. The remaining territories of the kingdom were assimilated into the colony of Angola and the Protectorate of Cabinda respectively. The modern-day Bundu dia Kongo sect favors reviving the kingdom through secession from Angola, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Gabon.

Afonso I[]

The Kingdom of Kongo was a kingdom located in west central Africa in present-day northern Angola, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo as well as the southernmost part of Gabon. At its greatest extent it reached from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Kwango River in the east, and from the Congo River in the north to the Kwanza River in the south. The kingdom consisted of several core provinces ruled by the Manikongo, the Portuguese version of the Kongo title Mwene Kongo, meaning "lord or ruler of the Kongo kingdom", but its sphere of influence extended to neighbouring kingdoms, such as Ngoyo, Kakongo, Loango, Ndongo and Matamba, the last two located in what is Angola today.

From c. 1390 to 1857 it was mostly an independent state. From 1857 to 1914 it functioned as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Portugal. In 1914, following the Portuguese suppression of a Kongo revolt, Portugal abolished the titular monarchy. The remaining territories of the kingdom were assimilated into the colony of Angola and the Protectorate of Cabinda respectively. The modern-day Bundu dia Kongo sect favors reviving the kingdom through secession from Angola, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Gabon.

Virtually all that is known about the lengthy reign of King Afonso I of Kongo comes from his correspondence with the Portuguese kings Manuel I and Joao III. The few contemporaries that were actually present at court had little to say, or more likely were simply illiterate. Luckily, Afonso's letters are lengthy, detailed, and at times even insightful; most of these are extended complaints about ill-behaved Portuguese adventurers, colonists, officials and traders.

Born Mvemba a Nzinga, firstborn of Mwene Kongo (king) Nzinga a Nkuwu, fifth of the dynasty, the heir apparent was in his 30s when the Portuguese arrived in the capital M'banza Kongo in May 1491 AD, having followed the course of the explorer Diogo Cao. His father promptly converted to Catholicism, taking the Portuguese moniker Joao I for himself; Mvemba got baptized as well, and now was Afonso. Recalled from the Nsundi province that he administered, Afonso studied with "godly" priests and Portuguese "advisors" to the king. According to reports by the priests, he was an enthusiast and "true" disciple of Christianity.

Indeed, so committed to his faith was he, Afonso had native art objects that might offend Catholic sensibilities destroyed, and launched a program encouraging conversion in the province. His alliance with the Catholic Portuguese served him in good stead when his father died. The kings of the Kongo were elected, and there was no guarantee that the convert would succeed his father, despite the old man's faith. But Afonso's mother, clever lady, managed to keep the king's death secret until her son could return to the capital and gather followers. When the announcement was finally made, Afonso was present with his supporters and promptly became the Mwene Kongo.

But all was not roses in the garden of Kongo. Afonso's half-brother Mpanzu, within a week, had raised an army to march on M'banza. Renouncing Christianity, his army rapidly grew among those that venerated Nzambi a Mpungu, the creator who existed solely outside the physical world. When Mpanzu tried to storm the capital, according to Afonso, God took a hand. An apparition of Saint James and five "heavenly riders" appeared in the sky and the heathen host fled the battlefield. The miracle, described in a letter by Afonso, ended any opposition to his rule.

Seems the miracle also spurred Afonso I to ensure that his kingdom was on the path of righteousness, for he spent much of his time trying to make Kongo Catholic. He established the "Roman Catholic Church of Kongo," financing its churches and schools with the royal treasury. By 1516 there were a reported 1000 students in M'banza, where the children were learning to read and write and be good Catholics. Afonso spent a lot of time trying to merge the religious traditions of the Kongo with the Christianity of Europe, without success. He also sent some his kin to Europe to study, including his son Kinu a Mvemba, who was elevated to a bishopric in 1518 by the Vatican.

For his troubles, Afonso earned the sobriquet "The Apostle of Kongo" among the church fathers. Although a staunch Catholic, Afonso was somewhat less enamored of the Portuguese. While he seemingly was open to modernization, he refused to adopt the Portuguese legal code when pressed, and he blocked laws to allow the sale of land to Portuguese prospectors. But it was the issue of slavery that proved the most contentious. In a series of letters beginning in 1526 AD, Afonso condemned the violence of the Portuguese in building the Atlantic slave trade; in fact, he threatened to shut down the slavers operating from lands under his control. He blamed the destabilization of his country upon the intensifying Portuguese trade in slaves in Kongo's southern provinces. But many of his own nobles profited from the trade in people, and so the only real limit Afonso managed to enact was a royal committee to determine the status (regarding "free" versus the several states of slavery) of all persons presented for sale.

Despite this, Afonso signed the Regimento of 1512 by which the Kingdom of Kongo accepted Portuguese institutions, granted extraterritorial rights to Portuguese living in the land, and allowed the sale of "legitimate" slaves to Portuguese merchants. With Portuguese help and with Portuguese tradesmen, Afonso rebuilt the capital city using stone. With Portuguese armaments and Catholic blessings, his troops expanded the kingdom south and east. The Kongo crown also controlled all external trade, and Afonso increased the export of ivory and raffia to Europe to fill his coffers, helping pay for all these "modern" benefits.

Afonso neared the end of his life, several of his many offspring began maneuvering for the aftermath. In 1539, the aged king avoided assassination while attending Easter services, a plot that included several Portuguese residents of the country. In 1542, Afonso died quietly. His son Perdo succeeded Afonso, but didn't fare well, being overthrown by one of Afonso's many grandchildren (this one Diogo by name) a couple years later.

Dawn of Man[]

"Praises be to you, King of Kongo, Afonso I. When you ascended to the throne in 1509, your kingdom was in the throes of monumental change. Under your father, the Portuguese had established a foothold, and with them, the great forces of the Catholic faith. Wisely, and piously, you continued these efforts and strove to complete the conversion of Kongo into a Catholic nation. With a mind for the education of your people, your partnership with Portugal would continue to revolutionise your kingdom long after your death.

JFDKongoLS

Art by DMS

Devoted Afonso, the tides of change have come once more to your kingdom. Can you lead your people in these times and bring them faith and understanding? Can you secure their interests through careful partnership and conversion? Can you build a civilization that can stand the test of time?"

Introduction: "I greet you in good faith. I am Afonso I, Mwene Kongo. Treat these lands of mine with respect, and you are welcome to enjoy them as we do."

Defeat: "Where have I erred in my faith?"

Unique Attributes[]

Kongo (Afonso I)
KongoAfonso

Art by JFD

Apostle of the Kongo

Receive a copy of any foreign FaithIcon Missionary that begins within your borders. All FaithIcon Missionaries have +2 Moves Movement within your borders and boost nearby city Production Production based on FaithIcon Faith when expended.

JFDKongoUU

Art by Sukritact & Alga

Nevonda (Musketman)
  • Weaker than the Musketman.
  • Can only be trained in the Capital Capital.
  • Receive a free Nevonda with each FaithIcon Missionary that you gain from a foreign civilization.
JFDKongoUB

Art by DMS

Kulumbimbi (University)
  • Grants a free Library in the city.
  • Can be constructed at any time so long as the founder of the city's majority Religion Religion has researched the Education Science Technology.
  • +2 FaithIcon Faith from Jungle tiles worked by this City.
City List
  1. São Salvador
  2. Mbumbi
  3. Mbamba
  4. Mbanza Nsundi
  5. Mbwila
  6. Mpinda
  7. Kwila
  8. Mbanza Mbata
  9. Kinchassa
  10. Kwango
  11. Mbuji-Mayi
  12. Mbanza Mpungu
  13. Bakavu
  14. Sanga
  15. Katango
  16. Mbanza Wembo
  17. Mbamba Lovata
  18. Nkondo
  19. Lemba-Bula
  20. Kibangu
  21. Manga
  22. Mbanza Mpemba
  23. Mulumbi
  24. Zombo
  25. Banza
  26. Umpuka
  27. Matadi
  28. Mbandaka
  29. Lubumbashi
  30. Mbanza Soyo
  31. Kalemie
  32. Kindu
  33. Kikwit
Spy List
  • Analea
  • Makiadi
  • Ngweji
  • Matadi
  • Mani
  • Lumumba
  • Lumingu
  • Elobe
  • Bela
  • Din
  • Alongi
Icon JFDKongo

Strategy[]

Kongo falls into the unusual playstyle of Armenia, where you actively push for someone else’s religion. It’s a surprisingly solid idea. The design kind of discombobulates itself halfway through, however. The UA itself has a pretty solid bonus (expended Missionaries boost production), the UU allows you to save up on Production costs, and the UB is... unusual. +2 Faith from Jungle tiles is a huge bonuses in and of itself, the ability to build them requires a bit of a gamble (the gamble being that the AI reaches Education before you do), and the free Library is... very, very unusual, but an interesting way to save up on Gold. The best playstyle out of this is actually a Liberty-based, peaceful Wide playstyle that begins settling after you get NC; there is also the fact you’re mostly gambling on the AI’s religion, which is rarely an easy thing and gives little direction. So let’s just call it “adaptable”.

Music[]

Peace Theme War Theme
Kongo_Ambient_-_Mama_Dile_(Civilization_6_OST)

Kongo Ambient - Mama Dile (Civilization 6 OST)

Rise_of_Nations_soundtrack_-_Tribes

Rise of Nations soundtrack - Tribes

"Mama Dile", from the soundtrack of Sid Meier's Civilization VI. "Tribes", by Duane Decker, from the soundtrack of Rise of Nations.

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Yes
Yes
Community Balance Patch
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ethnic Units
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Map Labels
No
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Unique Cultural Influence
Yes
Wish for the World
No
YnAEMP
Yes

Full Credits List[]

Steam Workshop Downloader
Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 26 August 2019

 

 
  • JFD: Author, Code, Design, Research, Text
  • DarthKyofu: Civ Icon, Map, TSL Coordinates
  • DMS: Leaderscene, UB Icon, UU Icon
  • Sukritact: UU Model, UU Icon
  • Alga: UU Icon
  • Whoward: Utilities


12 Days of Africa
EritreaKongo (Afonso I)Burkina FasoBugandaSokotoEswatiniBiafraAngolaMozambiqueGhanaBotswanaTuaregSenegalMerinaLibyaEgypt (Nasser)Egypt (Tutankhamun)KatangaZaireCongo
JFD and Janboruta's Civilizations [edit]
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Afonso I (Portugal)Aleksandr NevskyAlexios IAlfredBrian BoruCanuteCharlemagneEleanorErikFa NgumFerdinand I (León)GediminasHaakon IVHenry VInnocent IIIIngolfur ArnarsonIsabella (Castile)Justinian IMargarethe IMichael VIIINizam al-MulkNominoeRichard IShengzongShizongStefan DusanStephen ITiridates IIITomislav ITvrtko IVaclav IIWilliam IVlad IIIVsevolod
Renaissance
Afonso I (Kongo)Charles VChristian IVElizabeth BathoryGian GaleazzoHenry VIIIIsabel MontezumaIvan IVIvan SirkoJames VIJean ValetteLouis XIVManuel IMehmed IIPhilip IIPhilip IIISelim ISigismund IITygyn DarkhanYongle
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