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Guyana led by Cheddi Jagan is a custom civilisation mod by EmeraldRange, with contributions from JakeWalrusWhale and others.

This mod requires Brave New World.

Early history and Colonial Contact[]

About 35,000 years ago, the Carib and Arawak peoples arrived in Guyana, migrating from the South American hinterland. The Carib would call the area near the Essequibo river and its many streams "Guayana" meaning land of waters. The Arawak primarily inhabited the coast and the Carib in the interior. The Spanish first arrived to the River in 1499 found that the warrior Caribs fought harder to maintain independence and had less gold than than the Arawak. As such, the Spanish focused elsewhere and left the Guianas and Lesser Antilles mostly untouched.

In the 16th century, the newly-independent Dutch established trade posts on the Essequibo River. In 1621, the Dutch began shifting their focus to acquiring territory and establishing several colonies, including Essequibo, Demerara, and Berbice. Throughout the 17th and 18th century, they turned Guiana into a group of agricultural colonies fueled by the trans-atlantic slave trade. The Dutch pursed a policy that pushed Amerindians inland "touching relatively few Indians"- but physical conflict, disease and slave trade still took a number on the native population.

The Dutch imported almost 3,000 African slaves and operated a brutal colonial economy and faced several rebellions. The most famous was the 1763 uprising, where enslaved Africans took control of the Berbice region. Almost half of the European population fled as plantations came under the Africans' control. Neighbouring British and French colonies lent soldiers who defeated the rebellion. Today, the uprising's leader Coffy are still immortalized as the country's national hero with a statue in Georgetown in the Square of the Revolution.

Pre-independence Cold Wars and Cheddi Jagan[]

After World War II, leaders like Cheddi Jagan and Forbes Burnham emerged in Guiana, advocating for workers' rights and self-governance. The political landscape saw the formation of the People's Progressive Party (PPP), led by Jagan, and the People's National Congress (PNC), centered around Burnham.

Cheddi Jagan became a key figure in the nationalist movement of the 1950s, promoting self-governance and social reforms. His government, elected in 1953, immediately dissented British rule by encouraging strikes and boycotting the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. These caused immense panic in Britain who saw Jagan and Guiana as a breeding ground for a Marxist-Leninist foothold in South America. Despite MI5 evidence that the PPP was not receiving support from the communist bloc, the British suspended the Guianese constitution, sent troops and arrested Jagan after dismissing him with a unilateral constitutional change.

During the occupation the PPP and Burnham's PNC party increasingly became racialized. Jagan's decisions alienated many Afro-Guyanese voters. After new post-occupation elections in 1957, Jagan won again and became friendly to the communist bloc and refused to join in the embargo of Cuba. U.S. President John F. Kennedy attempted to nudge Jagan in a "pro-American direction" by sponsoring anti-Jagan unions and spurring racial riots. Despite this, Jagan remained popular, winning the 1961 election despite a second round of constitutional reforms from the British.

Independence, Burnham Era and onwards[]

The following years were marked by strikes and violence, leading to further constitutional changes and more American interference following the Cuban missle crisis. The British dissolved the government again, changed electoral rules for the 1964 elections, which resulted in the PPP winning 46% of the vote but not forming a minority government. After the British finally ousted Jagan, Guiana was finally given indpendence in December and was renamed as Guyana under Prime Minister Burnham.

The Burnham administration initially stabilized the country and shared Jagan's vision of cooperative societies, but received support from the British and Americans as a "lesser evil." In 1968, Burnham secured an outright majority and, despite CIA support, consolidated state power and promoted socialism. In the 1970s, he declared Guyana a republic, joined the Nonaligned Movement and began using police intimidation and overseas voter fraud to maintain power. Blatant electoral meddling in the 1978 election-turned-referendum and international attention from the Jonestown massacre prompted intense foreign scrutiny. In 1979, violence escalated as the PNC targeted political dissidents, forcing a new 1980 constitution making Burnham executive President. But this reform failed to resolve the struggling infrastructural issues and corruption of the PNC regime.

In 1985, Burnham died of a heart attack and his vice president Desmond Hoyte sought to stabilize the party. He held free elections in 1992 where Cheddi Jagan won and became the first PPP president of Guyana. Cheddi Jagan more or less maintained the economic policies of the Burnham era, despite his own public objections. He instead focused on political reform. In 1997 he died of a heart Attack and was replaced by his wife Janet Jagan according to the constitution. She resigned in 1999 due to ill health.

In the early 2000s, Guyana was a poorly developed country lacking basic structures and services. The PNC and a reformed PPP - now PPP/C - would normalize tensions by the 2006 election. Exxon was awarded a license for petroleum exploration creating a greater focus on international politics in the form of maritime border disputes with Venezuela and Suriname. By 2015, through various scandals, the APNU+AFC won the election. Discovery of oil in the western part of the country fueled ancient border disputes with Venezuela. Guyana continues to struggle with electoral conflict with the 2020 election's legitimacy being contested by the APNU+AFC. It continues to navigate the complexities of its oil wealth and international disputes. Its cooperative spirit remains but the old spirit of sustainable development and equitable growth is giving way to resource exploitation as Guyana's GDP massive grew by 64% in 2022.

Dawn of Man[]

Welcome to the world stage, Cheddi Jagan, champion of independence and architect of a new West. With your unwavering conviction, you pushed the Guyanaese people to break free of their colonial reins. With your trade union allies, you pushed out foreign enterprises and lifted up the co-operative spirit of Guyana. Despite your arrest, the great Red Scare and the Queen's troops combined could not stop the rising tide of the West Indies. Colonies broke free like dominoes, and you would return eventually as President at last.

GuyanaLS

Leaderscreen by EmeraldRange

Yet, as the sun sets on a past struggle, imperialists never waver in their hunger for Guyana. There still remains much poverty and inequality in the world. Will you once again fight for your people against foreign interests? Can you transform the economy into a tool for justice? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?

Introduction: "A warm welcome to you. I am Cheddi Jagan, and I trust you are here to achieve the same as me- to rid our people of the sickness of poverty. How can Guyana assist you then?"

Defeat: "The Guyanese people are indestructible. You may beat them, gag them, detain them, imprison them, shoot and toll the bell for them, but they will rise again, not mysteriously, but inevitably."

Attacked: "I am no threat to democracy, so why this campaign of slander and lies and now war? I have sinned terribly, sinned by belonging to a coloured people who wish oppression no more!"

Unique Attributes[]

Guyana (Cheddi Jagan)
CheddiJagan

Art by EmeraldRange

The West on Trial

Receive a burst of Greatperson Great Writer Points in all cities whenever you reach ally-status with a city state. During a Goldenage Golden Age, denouncing other civilizations provides Influence Influence with their allied city states.

GuyanaUU

Art by EmeraldRange

Kyk-over-al Writer (Great Writer)
  • Great Works provide +2 Happy Local Happiness.
  • May Inspire Independence one time when in the territory of a city-state allied to another civilization, causing the city state's Influence influence with you and their ally to swap. The action does not consume the unit.
GuyanaUB

Art by EmeraldRange

Village Cooperative
  • +1 Gold Gold from Food Food Resources instead of from Traderoute Trade Routes.
  • +1 CultureIcon Culture from each Happy Happiness building and +1 Production Production from Merchant Specialists in the city.
City List
  1. Georgetown
  2. New Amsterdam
  3. Bartica
  4. Anna Regina
  5. Mackenzie
  6. Corriverton
  7. Rosignol
  8. Albion
  9. Parika
  10. Mabaruma
  11. Enterprise
  12. Kwakwani
  13. Linden
  14. Skeldo
  15. Lethern
  16. Mahdia
  17. Vreed-en-Hoop
  18. Charity
  19. Spring Garden
  20. Kalkuni
  21. Mahaica
  22. Rockstone
  23. Ituni
  24. Port Kaituma
  25. Mocha-Arcadia
  26. Rosehall
  27. Adelphi
  28. Kurupukari
  29. Issano
  30. Isherton
  31. Surama
  32. Orinduik
  33. Good Hope
  34. Jonestown
  35. Number Sixty-one
Spy List
  1. Ashton
  2. Edmund
  3. Forbes
  4. Arthur
  5. Desmond
  6. Janet
  7. Sybil
  8. Asha
  9. Shakira
  10. Tara

Strategy[]

Music[]

Peace Theme War Theme
"Small Days is still on meh mind"; "Fight Down (Calypso 2016)"
GuyanaIcon

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Yes
Yes
Community Balance Patch
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Ethnic Units
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Map Labels
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Unique Cultural Influence
Yes
Wish for the World
No
YnAEMP
Yes

Full Credits List[]

Direct Download
Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 1
Last Updated: 22 June 2024
  • EmeraldRange: Art, Design, Code, Lua, Texts
  • JakeWalrusWhale: Lua
  • NopeCopter: Testing
EmeraldRange's Civilizations and Collabs†
Burma
TaungooKonbaungThayae KhittayaBurma (Aung San)Burma (U Nu)Myanmar (Than Shwe)
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Island
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South Asia
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One a Continent
Africa: Mogadishu • Australia: Yolngu • Europe: Kalmyks • North America: Cayuga • South America: Guyana
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