Civilization V Customisation Wiki

Gupta led by Kumaragupta is a custom civilisation mod by EmeraldRange, with contributions from DuskJockey, Chrisy15, splent and others.

This mod requires Brave New World.


The Gupta Empire was established by Chandragupta I ruling from the early 4th century CE to the late 6th century. The Gupta period is considered the Golden Age of India where economic prosperity and stability blessed the efficiently decentralized empire with a flourishing of art, math, science, religion, literature and law. Its power waned from late 5th century onwards and was eventually ended by several successive invasions of Central Asian peoples.

The founder of the Gupta Dynasty is marked to be Sri Gupta attested mostly by Chinese records and inscriptions and dates to roughly the late 3rd century. In 319, Sri Gupta's grandson Chandragupta became the first Gupta emperor. Records are not clear how the Gupta Kingdom expanded into an empire as there were not many military campaigns during his 26-year reign. The prevailing theory relates to his marriage to the Lichchhavi princess Kumaradevi allowing him to extend his power and adopt the title of Maharajadhiraja (Great King of Kings).

In either 335 or 350, Samudragupta ascended to the imperial throne after his father and began a series of conquest to establish the fourth largest empire in South Asia. He uprooted 8 kings of Aryavarta at the foothills of the Himalayas, defeated 12 rulers to the south and stretched down towards the Bengal coast. Many frontier kingdoms also became tributaries under his conquests including the Samatata Kingdom in Bengal and Kamarupa in Assam. He established several tribal relations to bring the less populated upper Ganges basin under his control easily. Although unmentioned in Gupta records, many states further west were allegiant or subsumed by the Guptas. Samudragupta set up a complex decentralized administration that laid the foundations for the stability of such a large and rapid empire.

Golden Age of India[]

Samudragupta's military campaigns did not stop him from marking his legacy mostly through his patronage of the arts, particularly that of poetry. As many states submitted to his rule willingly, either to prevent war or out of diplomatic efforts, many praised him as a wise and musically talented emperor. It was in Samudragupta's son Chandragupta II's reign that the Golden Age truly began.

The economy flourished through abundant food and extensive new trade within and without the empire. Several famous Indian cities like Gaya, Ayodhya and the capital Pataliputra (today Patna) grew into bustling metropolises during this period. The Gupta also had an advanced legal system delineating between civil and criminal courts, keeping death penalties rare and taking a more laissez-faire attitude towards the economy. However, the most influential Hindu art, literature, culture and science would be penned during this time.

The Gupta period was the pinnacle of Indian architecture creating the rock-cut styles that would dominate not just South Asia but Southeast Asia through the influence of later Indian kings. Most temples of the period have decayed but their architectural advances are visible in the many Hindu and Buddhist complexes built through the Gangeatic Plain.

A plethora of detailed religious sculptures in stone, metal and terracotta survive from the period showing great proficiency in the craft than of later centuries. Greco-Buddhist art from Gandhara made its way into creating the classical Indian sculpture of the period. The Gupta were also accomplished painters whose paintings and styles remain distinct and intact in several temples through India.

The Gupta period also saw an immense collection of classical literature. The Guptas made the liturgical language of Sanskrit their court language. Several poets like Kalidas wrote epics retelling the famous Mahabharata. The immensely influential epic Ramayana is thought to have also appeared at this time. Beyond epics, the Gupta period also saw the publishing of the Kama Sutra, the standard work on human sexual behaviour for years to come.

The Gupta were the origins of the concept of zero as well as the decimal system and the 'Arabic' numerals that we use today in the modern age. Gupta astronomers and logisticians were able to establish the fields of Trigonometry and Algebra to explain how the moons and planets shine due to reflection from the Sun. Through this, they also calculated how the earth and stars move through the rotation of earth on an axis. The Gupta calculated the length of a day and year to incredible accuracy only being off from modern usage by 0.09 seconds and 3 minutes, respectively.

The advances in technology primarily extend to the field of medicine creating the first sterilization techniques and sterile surgeries. The Gupta emperors constructed hospitals to provide herbal medicines, vaccinations and even plastic surgery. Beyond medicine, the Gupta utilized the wheel for machinery like in sugar refinery and made advancements in metallurgy used to construct the iron pillar in Delhi standing to this day. The game of Chess was also developed based on the four divisions of the Gupta military- from infantry, cavalry, elephantry and chariotry we got pawns, knights, bishops and rooks today.


The reign of Kumaragupta was the height of the Golden Age of India where most of the establishing work for the empire had been done by his predecessors. The conquests of Chandragupta II and the diplomacy of Samudragupta gave Kumaragupta a large and wealthy empire with an efficient decentralized and lax administration that encouraged widespread economic trade and prosperity. He had solid control over the modern provinces of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bangladesh, Gujarat and the core areas of Bihar.

Building off of the decentralized administration of his predecessors, Kumaragupta ruled his empire through a feudalistic system appointing Uparikas bearing the title Maharaja to administer many provinces divided into magistrate districts. Many such Maharajas were younger branches of the Gupta dynasty. Kumaragupta maintained not just a vast empire but a vast trade network fuelling the profitable silk trade between India and Rome. He also established formal diplomatic ties with China leading to the exchanging of envoys between the two great civilizations. This establishment of relations would bring the Chinese pilgrim Xuan Zang, the historical inspiration for the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West.

Xuan Zhang would come to visit Nalanda University, a grand Buddhist university set up and patronized by Kumaragupta. It became a major source of Sanskrit texts but also a permanent abode for research into grammar, medicine, logic and mathematics. Although the specific dates cannot be pinned down, it's not out of reason that many of the great scientific achievements of Gupta India occurred during this the height of the Golden Age in a reign of relative peace. Kumaragupta's empire had a plethora of faiths including Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism and Jainism. While the Guptas were Vashnavites themselves, their strong patronage of Buddhism created the linkages between the Buddhist world of China and India and served to soften their rule towards more merciful justice systems.

Dawn of Man[]

Ascend, Great King of Kings, Maharajadhiraja Kumaragupta I. Your reign saw the absolute height of Gupta India and the peace you maintained only churned the conquest of your predecessors into the greatest contributions to the world we would see for another millennium! You founded Nalanda University and spearheaded an immeasurable amount of advances: the length of an astronomical year, the brick-cut architecture of Southern Asia, sterile surgery, vaccinations, metallurgy, decimals and the number 0 itself. Truly, under your rule did the Golden Age of India come to its most prosperous fruition!


Leaderscreen by EmeraldRange

Alas, barbarian invaders from the northwest made short work of the golden years and India fell to foreign invaders and petty squabbling for centuries more! Can you bring your stabilizing administration back into the fourfold? Will you spark a new rush of scientific discovery? Can you build a civilization that will stand the test of time?

Introduction: "How gratious of you to join me so late. Tell me, does Rohini not shine bright tonight? Oh, me? I'm Kumaragupta- the great king of kings. Come admire the cosmos from this corner of the globe with me."

Defeat: "Alas... I hope your descendents do not cry too much when they learn what your barbarism hath destroyed."

Attacked: "Laughable, indeed. What do you intend to use to take me down? Petty sticks and stones?"

Unique Attributes[]

Gupta (Kumaragupta)

Art by EmeraldRange


Receive a 'We Love the King' Day in all cities upon entering a new era, which is extended per civilization with less technologies than you. Tiles provide extra Food Food equal to half their Science Science yields.


Art by EmeraldRange

Vedh Shala (Observatory)
  • Unlocked at Mathematics.
  • Must be built in a city on a Hill.
  • Provides +25% Science Science and an additional +5% Science Science for each Traderoute trade route from this city with a city following a different Religion Religion.
  • Contains a slot for a Greatwork Great Work of Writing.

Art by EmeraldRange

Khadga Cavalry (Pikeman)
  • Unlocked at Iron Working.
  • Mounted Unit that does not require horses and may attack enemies twice.
  • Gains +10% Strength Strength each time after discovering Chivalry, Steel and Metallurgy.
City List
  1. Pataliputra
  2. Ayodhya
  3. Nalanda
  4. Prayaga
  5. Mathura
  6. Ujjain
  7. Vidisha
  8. Taxila
  9. Magadha
  10. Vaisali
  11. Tamralipti
  12. Kausambi
  13. Bharukaccha
  14. Ahicchatra
  15. Varanasi
  16. Bodh Gaya
  17. Eran
  18. Mrgasikhavana
  19. Kannauj
  20. Valabhi
  21. Campa
  22. Indraprastha
  23. Varaha
  24. Kanchipuram
  25. Sakala
  26. Purusapura
  27. Saketa
  28. Deogarh
  29. Bhitargaon
  30. Vengi
  31. Pishtapuram
  32. Bhitari
  33. Shtanvisvara
  34. Gunaighar
  35. Vatsagulma
Spy List
  1. Bhavesha
  2. Adhrita
  3. Utkarsha
  4. Divita
  5. Yuvana
  6. Aishani
  7. Devika
  8. Gayatri
  9. Lakshanya
  10. Ritvika



Peace Theme War Theme
"Epic India Music - Golden Age of India"; "Rama Ashtakam"

Mod Support[]

Mod Support
Community Balance Patch
Ethnic Units
Map Labels
Unique Cultural Influence
Wish for the World

Full Credits List[]

Direct Download
Steam Workshop
Latest Version: v 3
Last Updated: 30 November 2020


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